In the collective mind of society, oceans are assumed to be infinite pools of aquatic food such as fish and crabs. However, this is not the truth. Just like fossil fuels, the life present in oceans can get depleted if we do not give it enough time to replenish. Sustainable aquaculture is an effort towards giving the aquatic ecosystem a chance to heal while we can have aquatic food at the same time.
The waves of the sustainability movement have finally reached the shores of oceans and rivers. From World Economic Forum to World Bank, every major organization is looking toward sustainable aquaculture with a hopeful gaze.
Down below is a guide on sustainable aquaculture that covers everything from its meaning to its advantages and best practices.
What is Sustainable Aquaculture?
The aquaculture practice that focuses on social and environmental sustainability along with economic sustainability is called sustainable aquaculture. Although living resources such as fish are self-renewable in the sense that they can reproduce. However, they still need a favorable environment and time to regrow their count. Sustainable aquaculture ensures that aquatic life gets a favorable environment and time.
Historically, the only focus of aquaculture was on getting the maximum amount of benefit from aquatic life. However, as this method of overfishing has turned out to be detrimental to aquatic life, more and more people are turning towards sustainable aquaculture.
Advantages of Sustainable Aquaculture
Many national and international organizations are considering leaving the old way of fishing and are turning to sustainable aquaculture. This shift is happening because of the following advantages of sustainable aquaculture:
Our society has been overfishing for centuries at this point. There are multiple species that have gone extinct or are on the verge of extinction because of overfishing. Sustainable aquaculture solves this problem by not causing any substantial pollution or loss of biodiversity.
It is a common notion amongst people that environment-friendly methods of doing business are lesser profitable. Sustainable aquaculture breaks this myth by ensuring that there is a viable business in place. Overfishing harms not only the environment but also the business as it diminishes the long-term prospects of the business.
Social and community sustainability
The harmful impact of overfishing is borne by communities too. There are many small communities that rely on fishing as their main source of income. But by adopting sustainable aquaculture methods, we can maintain the needs and social well-being of communities in mind.
So far, we have only discussed what sustainable aquaculture is and its unique benefits over other forms of aquaculture. Now, you might be interested in knowing how one can actually get benefits by practising sustainable aquaculture.
Down below is a list of some best practices of sustainable aquaculture:
- It includes the usage of renewable sources of energy that are more cost-effective, carbon-neutral, and environmentally friendly.
- Various new-age technologies are used to mitigate environmental pollution. A few examples of such technologies are microbial technology, nanotechnology, and the practice of holistic methods like organic aquaculture.
- The cost of animal fishmeal has skyrocketed in the few years. The rise in prices has made it hard for individuals and small communities to buy animal-based feed ingredients. Sustainable aquaculture reduces the dependency on animal fishmeal by replacing it with plant-based fishmeal.
- Inorganic fertilizers and antibiotics are not used, which ultimately leads to healthy food on people’s plates.
Sustainable aquaculture has proved itself as a promising alternative to the usual overfishing that our society is accustomed to. If your organization is planning to adopt an environment-friendly way of growth, you should definitely consider sustainable aquaculture. If you do not know where to begin, you can consult with a reputable service provider.